Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.809**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2474-1655
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1655
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Gastric Cancer
  •  Molecular Biology
  •  Orthopedics & Rheumatology
  •  Sexual Health
  •  Epidemiology
  •  Psychiatry and Mental Health
  •  Cardiology
  •  Allergy & Immunology


Citation: Ann Clin Case Rep. 2022;7(1):2104.DOI: 10.25107/2474-1655.2104

Antiviral Effects of Propolis against SARS-CoV-2: A Mini Review

Rim M Harfouch*

Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, Al Sham Private University, Syria

*Correspondance to: Rim M Harfouch 

 PDF  Full Text Mini Review | Open Access


Propolis, which is produced by honey bees from plant exudates, has long been used in traditional herbal medicine and is widely consumed as an immune system enhancer. The COVID-19 pandemic has renewed interest in propolis products worldwide; fortunately, various aspects of the SARSCoV- 2 infection mechanism are potential targets for propolis components. In pre-clinical studies, propolis promoted immunoregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including reduction in IL- 6, IL-1 beta and TNF-α propolis has also shown promise as an aid in the treatment of several of the comorbidities that are particularly dangerous in COVID-19 patients, including respiratory diseases, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. In this mini review, we summarize the potential role of COVID-19 treatment and prevention.


COVID-19; Propolis; Antiviral activity

Cite the Article:

Harfouch RM. Antiviral Effects of Propolis against SARS-CoV-2: A Mini Review. Ann Clin Case Rep. 2022; 7: 2104..

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