Ann Clin Case Rep | Volume 7, Issue 1 | Case Report | Open Access

Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia: Case Report and Differential Diagnostic Criteria

Svetlana Antic*, Biljana Markovic-Vasiljkovic and Aleksa Janovic

Department of Radiology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia

*Correspondance to: Svetlana Antic 

Fulltext PDF


Introduction: Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia (MSH) is rare developmental anomaly, especially its bilateral form. Many patients are asymptomatic, while others have developed symptoms: Headaches, nasal congestion, phonation disorder or facial pain, all suggestive of sinusitis. Inflammation by itself affects hypo-plastic sinuses in cases where ostium complex is compromised, making cause-andeffect diagnostic doubts. Case Report: We present a rare case of bilateral maxillary sinus hypoplasia in a 69-year-old, symptomatic patient. Patient didn’t respond to anti-inflammatory therapy, and no radiological signs of sinus inflammation were evident. Conclusion: According to exclusion criteria we made a diagnosis of symptomatic, but pure, and non-complicated bilateral MSH. Recognition of MSH, as well as its evaluation and grading, are of indisputable importance in terms of resolving differential diagnostic doubts and planning surgical interventions in the maxillofacial region.


Maxillary sinus; Hypoplasia; Differential diagnosis; Diagnostic criteria


Antic S, Markovic-Vasiljkovic B, Janovic A. Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia: Case Report and Differential Diagnostic Criteria. Ann Clin Case Rep. 2022; 7: 2164..

Subscribe to Our Newsletter