Ann Clin Case Rep | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Health Impact on the Elderly Survivors of COVID-19

Pamela Carrillo-Garcia*, Blanca Garmendia-Prieto, Giovanna Cristofori, Isabel Lozano- Montoya and Javier Gómez-Pavón

Department of Geriatrics, Hospital Central de la Cruz Roja, San José y Santa Adela, Spain

*Correspondance to: Pamela Carrillo Garcia 

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyze factors associated with 6-month mortality and readmissions, functional and cognitive impairment, and affective disorders in patients over 70 years of age survived hospital admission for SARS-CoV-2. Methods: Patients aged >70 years, discharged after hospitalization with COVID-19. Outcome variables: Mortality, readmissions, functional and cognitive impairment, and mood disorder. Results: 165.6 months after hospital discharge, 13% died and 23.8% required at least one readmission. The functional decline at 3 months was associated with a higher risk of mortality (OR 9.23; 95% CI 1.6-53.28), functional deterioration (OR 14.44; 95% CI 5.10-40.85) and cognitive deterioration (OR 3.02; 95% CI 1.36-6.69). The appearance of post-hospitalization functional deterioration was associated with mortality (OR 5.33; 95% CI 1.11-25.73) and functional deterioration at 6 months (OR 3.92; 95% CI 1.68-9.12). Finally, cognitive worsening at 3 months was associated with risk of mortality (OR 8.67; 95% CI 1.58-47.58), functional deterioration (OR 2.88; 95% CI 1.28-6.49), and cognitive worsening (OR 20.89; 95% CI 7.69-56.8). Conclusion: The impact on health following the consequences of COVID are described at the functional level highlighting the main role of cognitive and mood impairment.

Keywords:

Elderly; Functional decline; Cognitive deterioration; Mood disorder; COVID-19

Citation:

Carrillo-Garcia P, Garmendia-Prieto B, Cristofori G, Lozano-Montoya I, Gómez- Pavón J. Health Impact on the Elderly Survivors of COVID-19. Ann Clin Case Rep. 2021; 6: 2021..

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