Ailsa May Li Gan, Linnea D Duke, Robert Schwarz and Nicholas Power*
Department of Urology, Victoria Hospital, LondonFulltext PDF
Ventricular-peritoneal shunts are commonly used to treat hydrocephalus, but carry the risk of complications including perforation of abdominal viscera. Bladder perforation by the distal shunt may present with urinary symptoms uncommonly seen in children, raising the clinical suspicion of this rare phenomenon. Even less commonly, this complication can result in extrusion of the distal catheter through the urethra, which has only previously been reported four times in males. In this paper, we discuss the existing literature and present the youngest male case (2 years old) of ventricular-peritoneal shunt bladder perforation with urethral extrusion. Following, we review the existing literature using a systematic search of PUBMED and MEDLINE.
Gan AML, Duke LD, Schwarz R, Power N. Extrusion of Ventricular-Peritoneal Shunt through the Urethra: Pediatric Case Report and Literature Review. Ann Clin Case Rep. 2017; 2: 1423.